Printmaking Methods. Part 2
Drypoint - Intaglio Printing
 
An image is created by drawing directly on to a metal plate with a sharp needle. No acid is used. Then again ink is rubbed into the lines and the top suface is wiped clean and a print can be taken from this plate. This is a far more direct way of working in the metal plate but the marks and lines can wear out quicker so the edition sizes will be smaller. My drypoint editions will not be more than 20.
 
 
Collograph - Intaglio Printing or Relief Printing
 
My own collographs are all printed as Intaglio.
 
In most of my collographs, I have carved out my figures with a sharp Stanley knife in a thin piece of cardboard which looks very much like mounting board. It is called white pasteboard and has a gloss on the surface.
 
First I scrape just the top surface of the board to achieve a light tone on my print. As I scrape off more layers, my tone on the print will become darker. So in this way I can achieve diffirent tones. I can also leave some areas untouched and these will stay white on my final print.
 
The scraping will be uneven and that gives a textured and organic feel to it. On bigger collographs like "The Guineafowl" and "Yorkshire Hills" I have built up areas of the cardboard with all kinds of materials like crumpled tissue, silver foil and sand. I also use "Gesso" which is a paste into which you can press all sorts of profiles like the profile of a wallpaper or a finger print. When the Gesso has dried and all the other materials have been glued I have to seal it all with a button pollish.
 
Then I can make prints from this "collage" printing block the same way as you do from an etching plate.The block will wear out quickly (being card) so the editions will be smaller. My editions from this media are not more then 20.
 
Linocut - Relief Printing
 
Ink is rolled up on the surface of the linocut block which is then usually printed manually. That means that you put a dry piece of paper on top of the block and then you press with the back of a spoon on the back of that piece of paper.This is one way of printing. The other way is to print it on a press.
 
Mixed Media -  Relief printing.
 
The sample I will give for this method is my "Green Heart." For this I have rolled all sorts of objects with ink like a cut out piece of aluminium in the form of a heart. On top of that I have put a piece of crumpled up silverfoil also inked up.On top of that I have put some threads from scrim and I have then put a damp piece of paper on top of this built up block and run it through the press.The print that came out  was not so interesting. But then I peeled off all the layers and there remained  a very interesting imprint on the metal heart plate. I put some of the coloured scrim treads back on that and ran it through the press again with a fresh piece of damp paper. This print was a lot more interesting. It has become the " Green Heart".
 
So mixed media for me is printing a lot of prints with inking and building up pieces of metal, silverfoil, threads and all sorts of other materials. And at the end of the day there are just a view prints emerging that are interesting enough to keep.These prints are quite often one off's.